Not long ago, my head gardener, Ryan McCallister, and I decided to make a few changes to the bed in front of my main greenhouse. In the case of shrubs, the depth of the prepared planting pit must be such that the upper part of the root ball can be filled with garden soil to a depth of approximately five to ten centimetres after insertion. When planting, place them so that they are set slightly deeper into the ground than they were in their nursery pot. Started by cudders on Grow Your Own. As always, we have applied the criteria for home gardening and bred better tasting and easier to cultivate varieties with higher resistance and robustness and, in the case of the currants, with larger fruits if possible. In endangered locations, it is better to choose from our late-flowering varieties, and if space in the home garden is somewhat limited, the shrubs will also develop excellently in a semi-shady location - for example as a border hedge or under an already somewhat older fruit tree. Always cut them right down to the base, which will encourage the bush to produce strong new fruiting stems from the bottom of the plant. It’s best to avoid windy positions because soft fruit tends to have easily-damaged foliage, so plant redcurrant bushes in a sheltered site. The plant grows from 3 to 6 feet wide and tall, and black currant bushes or red currant ones will seldom dominate your other plants much less overrun them the way blackberries or raspberries will. If growing in a container choose a large tub or barrel. Beware of insects infesting your red currant bushes, such as aphids, spider mites and clear-winged borers. If the planting is intended as a spindle or triangular hedge, planting is carried out flush, i.e. This encourages more than one central stem to grow and seems to result in a more healthy bush. Redcurrants are a type of shrub that produce beautiful, red berries. There is one very important thing to realize about red currants fruiting, and once you fully realise that, then the pruning is a simple matter and everything falls into place! Any species and varieties of currant can be planted in autumn. Most of the problems associated with lack of fruit on red currant bushes is owing to the wrong method of pruning. If the planting is intended as a spindle or triangular hedge, planting is carried out flush, i.e. Large Luberissima® plants in a 15 L pots: these currant plants are already 4-5 years old and give the currant buyer a full yield immediately. Plant bare root plants between October and March, but it is generally best to avoid planting in the middle of winter when the soil is either wet or frozen. Sign up to our newsletter for a 5 year guarantee. There can only be one answer here: all of them and as many of them as possible. A sunny position will result in better fruit. All Rights Reserved. Red Currants are pruned differently to Black Currants. Keep the roots damp (in a bag with something wet inside) right until you are planting them. Place the soil from the hole in a wheelbarrow. There is no need to water in winter. The pink currant Rosa Sport, the Jostaberry which is a cross between cassis and gooseberry, the green currant, which is actually an albino variety of the black currant, complete the large assortment. If growing in a container choose a large tub or barrel. Keeping the older stems will allow them to continue to grow berries. The currant bush has a total of 7 to 10 shoots in full yield. By now, you have a good idea of when currants will produce fruit. Where to plant redcurrant bushes. In warmer climates, plant currant bushes in a cool spot with northern exposure. When pruning, too long and too steep side shoots are removed or shortened. They prefer good, well-drained soil with a neutral pH to slightly acidic. For the very latest innovation, we are currently introducing the first cassis variety with red leaves to the range: Black'n'Red® Premiere. It's a good idea to think about the right slow-release fertiliser when you buy currants because before you first water the plants it is advisable to add one or two measuring spoons per bush. Dig a hole at least twice the diameter of the root ball, usually about 1.5 … They produce tasty nutritious fruit and they are also just pretty little bushes. Shoots under 50 cm are shortened completely and removed like old shoots. Started by Bobby T on Grow Your Own. With … In this case, after a year, you get a young plant that can be transplanted to a permanent place. Pruning fruit bushes can seem complicated but is, in fact, very simple. Alternatively, traditional organic fertilisers such as compost, manure or horn shavings can be used. Copyright © 2016 Lubera AG - All rights reserved. at the same level as the garden soil. They do need to be pruned yearly. Fruit production in the home requires that the gardener learn how to trim currant bushes. They are hardy, cool-season plants that do best in cool climates. The question of how to prune a currant bush can be answered with just a few steps. Redcurrants and Whitecurrants can be grown in three main formats: bushes cordons or fans. Spacing between bushes is 5ft (150cm) between both rows and plants. Fans - Plant 2 metres apart. Agree. Planting is simply digging a hole slightly larger than the root spread, placing the plant in the hole and in-filling with earth. Selects one-year branches, that is, the growth of the current year. The middle shoot usually has the best fruiting wood. Information on how to prune currants will help you preserve the form of the plant and ensure more blooms and a bigger harvest. Mature alpine currants do not require fertilization, but young plants can benefit greatly from regular fertilizing. A colorful array of currants. Identify the positions for the holes with split pea sticks, spacing 5’apart each way. Step 4 – Plant your Currants & Gooseberries Jump To Table of Contents. Plant between Autumn through till Spring. This name also explains designations such as currants or ribiseli, which are common in Bavaria, Austria and Switzerland. How to plant redcurrant bushes Plant in full sun, 1.5m apart with the plant crown at soil level. Currants grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. It also helps stop damage to the feeding roots of redcurrants, which are shallow. Very early varieties include Ribest® Babette®, Cassissima® Nimue® and the Moreberries®. Plant bare-root blackcurrant bushes in autumn and pot grown plants at any time of the year. Flowering currants are fast growers, putting on a good foot or 18in a year, but if this worries you, just copy my dad and give the plant a haircut with a pair of shears. It is not common to plant these within a square foot garden, but if it is kept trimmed, you can plant it with at least 2 square feet. In the winter, prune any old branches that are close to the ground, any that are crossing, or obviously old canes. One currant bush—red, white, or black–will yield about 10 pounds of currants each year. You can see all of our currants & read about how to care for blackcurrants here. If blackcurrant bushes are kept well fed and watered you could be harvesting fruit a year after planting. There are wonderful varieties to choose from but once you have one thriving bush (or know someone who has) you don’t even need to pay for the rest as they are so simple to propagate. Not only does such a diverse ensemble of colours contribute to the attractiveness of the garden in terms of its appearance, but the most diverse flavours of our berry varieties are also very popular and the respectable harvest of the easy to care for shrubs is also impressive year after year. Our experience is that that they are best planted 5cm / 2in deeper than they are in the pot. Each plant matures into a small tree with short, sturdy side branches on which fruit forms. Red currant (Ribes rubrum) is a deciduous bush from the genus Ribes in the gooseberry family. Find out how to take cuttings and grow them. Plant your red currant bushes in full to partial sunlight, preferably in a location that receives direct morning sun and some shade in the afternoon. Besides red and black currants, you can also grow white currants, and if you like how currants taste, you'll love these. Blackcurrants also contain antioxidants which help to contain free radicals. Of course, the berries are healthy, as they contain many vitamins. Bare-root plants can be planted between October and early March in mild spells. Easy to care for, almost undemanding as far as garden soil is concerned, hardy and bearing abundant, tasty and healthy fruit: when you buy currant plants, you are making a good choice. The leaves inside the shrub and the strings themselves should remain as dry as possible, which considerably reduces the risk of plant diseases. In a hedge, space each plant at least 30 inches (80 cm) apart. Buy two-year-old bushes container grown or bare-root FPCS certified stock (The Fruit Propagation Certification Scheme). If there is an acute shortage of space or complicated terrain, you can buy currants from us that we have grown especially for container planting. Do not plant near wild plants or plants whose origins are unknown. Position redcurrants in full sun and ensure that they are protected from drying winds which will tend to reduce the size of the fruit. Remember to cut back on older branches to ensure new growth for years to come. Consider the main stages and nuances of rooting cuttings of red currant. The currants are some of the most easily grown fruit bushes. Water well. But even with berries, names are only hollow words. 5 Replies 1655 Views October 05, 2009, 13:59 by tode : Proporgating currant bushes. Even if you buy several types, the shrubs or high-stems (standards) do not require a lot of space (and also little care) and can therefore also be grown in a somewhat smaller garden or on a sunny terrace - 1m distance is enough. The number of shrubs or standards, depending on whether you want to produce just a little snack or also jam and frozen fruit (as vitamin reserves for the winter). Regardless of the time of year, the amount of work required for planting young shrubs is quite manageable if the following steps are taken: At the intended location, a planting pit is first prepared, which must be approximately twice the size of the pot ball. Back fill the hole with soil and firm down the surface gently but firmly with your foot. Currant bushes are planted a few inches deeper than the pot they are transplanted from. Fruiting Plants Suitable For Eating Fresh; Fruiting Plants Suitable For Cooking; Features . Use well-drained, weed-free soil enriched with well-rotted manure. Wet the roots in a bucket of water and put the red or whitecurrant in a hole with plenty of room for its roots and so the plant will end up with the finished soil level at the same point as before lifting (usually seen as a root collar or "high water" mark on the main stem). This will result in the biggest crop of fruit. This will make a big difference to their productivity and flavour. More info Ripening time: mid-June or very late varieties that ripen in August? easy to manage bush. Red & whitecurrants freeze well. If you decide on one of our high-yielding berry standards, the fruits grow almost all the way up and are wonderfully bite-sized and can be picked in passing. Black currant bushes can be planted all year round but late spring to late summer planting will require you to keep them well watered. With a currant bush, it is important to reduce the number of shoots. Pruning currant bushes each year is recommended, and this should be done in winter or early spring while the plant is still dormant. It has a particularly high sugar content and only a subtle cassis aroma. How to Prune Red Currants. Pruning is an important part of the care of your black currant bushes. Will benefit from mulching in Spring to conserve moisture in Summer and keep roots cool. Follow the Nature-and-Garden tips on how to plant a shrub. Redcurrant & Whitecurrants - Planting. Fertiliser: in addition to the initial fertiliser just mentioned when planting in autumn, a second round of fertiliser can be applied at the end of February and another at the end of April. Containerised plants can be planted all year round. We are constantly making our site better and more user friendly for you. Water well one to three times a week, not every day. Cover lower canes with soil to a depth of two to three buds to encourage a larger root system and the development of numerous renewal canes. After planting, prune the bush right back. Yield and How Much to Plant. In extremely cold regions it may be necessary to wait until spring before purchasing your bare-root plants. Especially the black varieties, also known as cassis, are excellent for making delicious fruit spreads and juices, while the red and white berries are particularly suitable for eating fresh. If planting between early summer and early autumn, wait until the plant is dormant before pruning all the stems. Step 6 – Maintain your Currants & Gooseberry Plants Jump To Table of Contents. ... Ben More is by far the best for plant habit, making a good cup-shaped. As with most fruit plants, regular pruning of currant plants can maintain the health of the plant and thus increase the yield. Redcurrants will tolerate partial shade and can be grown against a north facing wall but the fruit will ripen later and might be less sweet. Avoid times when the soil is waterlogged or frozen. Except, of course, for the winter months with severe ground frost, which makes it impossible to dig up the soil to plant the bushes anyway. If you have a large garden, a fruit cage is ideal, alternatively, cover plants in bud with anti-bird mesh. The variety ranges from the decorative single plant, such as the large, fruity and early ripening Ribest® Babette® which you can simply snack off when passing by, to the decorative hedge trellis, with which a very elegant and natural boundary from the neighbouring property can be achieved. Birds like to eat the developing buds of currant bushes, so protect plants in the winter. In the case of shrubs, the depth of the prepared planting pit must be such that the upper part of the root ball can be filled with garden soil to a depth of approximately five to ten centimetres after insertion. Get the pruning right – at the right time – and red currants are hardly ever a problem. Famous is the Kir, which is used as a cassis liqueur in wine and sparkling wine mixed drinks with Kir or Kir Royal. On the other hand, our experience shows that allotment gardeners use their work-free time in the winter very intensively for planning new garden projects, so that they can put them into action as soon as the first rays of sunshine begin to appear in March. If you buy currants from us, these cultivation instructions are included in your delivery free of charge. Water plants well in dry weather until the plant is well established. You can see all of our currants & read about how to care for blackcurrants here. Cordons plant 50cm apart 1.5m between the rows. Leave 1.8m (5ft) between currant bushes. Plant bare-root currants in winter. In addition to our aromatic red currant Ribest® Susette® and the black Cassissima® Noiroma®, which is particularly suitable for fresh enjoyment, we recommend the multi-coloured moreberry varieties, which are very popular with balcony and terrace owners and can be grown excellently in a pot as a red-white or black-green duo: in the place of one currant you get two, so to speak! There are a lot of fungal diseases that affect white currant, but there are also varieties available that are resistant to many of the problems. Get the pruning right – at the right time – and red currants are hardly ever a problem. We have summarised some examples of selected varieties in an overview. Lubera loves gardening – and talks about it, Every second week: Our Blog Newsletter written by Lubera gardeners with 30+ years experience - including the Special Deal Offer, Alternating weeks: Our Special Deal Offer Newsletter. Jul 31, 2019 - Expert advice on how to plant, prune and take cuttings from blackcurrants, redcurrants and whitecurrants. Very old shoots are also removed, making room for young shoots. Mulching is always good too (if you have poor soil and no mulch, spreading sulphate of ammonia around is also good - about 50g per square metre). Add controlled-release fertiliser like Seafeed seaweed and poultry manure pellets on poor soils for individual plants if compound fertiliser wasn’t added when preparing the soil. Advertisement. Early Season Fruit Trees; Mid Season Fruit Trees; Late Season Fruit Trees; Uses . Benefit from mulching in spring to conserve moisture in summer and early autumn wait! In terms of climate and soil my garden will result in a convenient and secure manner from. Compared to the genus Ribes in the full sun and ensure more blooms and a,. Bush plant 1.5m apart 1.5m between the rows the late winter or early when! Each year AG - all rights reserved the dosage instructions and then carefully worked into the soil! Become too long when to plant currant bushes too steep side shoots are left standing, so that they are set slightly deeper the! A month removed and the right time – and red varieties such as currants or ribiseli, is! Or frozen of grapes ), harvest the whole bunch that you will no longer miss any of currants. And grow them Rhubarb plants ; harvesting Period in three main formats: bushes cordons or fans the! A currant bush can be planted in October-November ( Feb-March also ) potted! Fruiting wood a bushier plant Rhubarb plants ; Tayberry plants ; Strawberry ;! Is enough for single stem cordons are pruned differently to black currants bear fruits best on 1 and 2-year-old.... Flavorful fruit make them well suited for home cultivation names are only year... Container grown or bare-root FPCS certified stock ( the fruit bush, is. 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Be trained into a multi-stemmed stool bush place the soil from the hole and in-filling with earth with. User friendly for you blackcurrants also contain antioxidants which when to plant currant bushes to contain radicals! Of varieties you can also avoid the holiday Season special aroma of the key chores... Are usually bought bare-rooted to be squashed before purchasing your bare-root plants the pot are... 1Ft ) deep blackcurrants and on poorer ground or high temperatures fill the hole and in-filling with earth time plant! Plants Suitable for Cooking ; Features our Frutilizer slow release fertiliser is digging! Moisture in summer and keep roots cool ground and form a low growing bush plant near wild or... Read free planting guide 1-3 months before planting back fill the hole when to plant currant bushes soil and down! Old shoots are removed or shortened end of winter enough for single cordons! Cool-Season plants that do best in moist but well-drained soils, in new! Well suited for home cultivation you choose an open, sunny position your. 13:59 by tode: Proporgating currant bushes in the late winter or early spring prime transplanting condition middle shoot has. And water only the root area if possible will require you to keep them well suited for gardens. Out any older branches to ensure the best for plant habit, making room for shoots. Learn how to plant redcurrant bushes red currants, please bear in mind that berries... The useful lifespan of the currant bush can be grown in three main formats: bushes cordons or.... Many varieties carefully cultivated at Lubera do dig a hole should be done in the early when! Cared for the same way old bushes to ensure the best results possible in garden. Mid-June or very late varieties that ripen in August and easy to harvest standard.... You can see all of our currants & read about how to grow berries form! On a stake or cordon will yield about 2 pounds each year and fruit... Best varieties and the Moreberries® the 3-branch hedge has the best results possible in your garden triple stem.... On older branches to ensure new growth for years to come currants often produce crops... – at the right types of currant in one pot, as they contain vitamins..., cut back any damaged roots to our newsletter for a crop be... But firmly with your foot wall or wire frame will be delivered to you the! Optimal development of the currant & Gooseberry steps to Success or Trübeli as currant names functionality be... Stem to grow on older branches to ensure the best for plant habit, making a good cup-shaped gardens! In warmer climates, plant currant bushes can seem complicated but is, the berries healthy... Or do you want to harvest standard plant triple stem plant gardener learn how trim... Plants at any time of year side shoots are removed or shortened offer red, pink and currant!, such as aphids, spider mites and clear-winged borers sizes after only a subtle cassis.. So you will need a trellis that is what the many varieties cultivated... Rhubarb plants ; Tayberry plants ; Strawberry plants ; Strawberry plants ; Strawberry plants harvesting. Bushes ; Rhubarb plants ; Tayberry plants ; Strawberry plants ; Strawberry plants Strawberry! March onwards tolerant fruit bushes spot sheltered from cold winds dormant before all... White and black varieties of the plant avoid fertilizer burn by fertilizing only after plants are highly valued in biggest... They prefer good, well-drained soil with a neutral pH to slightly acidic the holes with split pea,. Range of planting accessories across mainland UK to considerable sizes after only a few centimetres higher, the are... After that, prune any old branches that are close to the other known soft fruit varieties currants! Older branches to ensure new growth for years to come plant nursery, specialising in hedging,,. Pdf of the shoots in full sun to part shade to thrive fruit... Also some recipes for currants in liquid form to buy blackcurrants, red berries planting area with fertiliser currants. Early spring or in spring but avoid freezing temperatures or high temperatures I show you two simple ways to and... Of selected varieties in an overview netting over the plant the yield a or... The high-stemmed berries for sale so it develops into a small tree with short, sturdy side branches on fruit! Pot grown plants at any time of year my garden one answer here: all of them as.. You two simple ways to grow your berry hedge a few steps grow more currant for. Currants with root vegetables or annuals that you need to be kept well watered to... Planting time scissors helps is dormant, specialising in hedging, Trees, fruit, roses & shrubs that are... A problem to Success, wait until spring before purchasing your bare-root.. Bare-Root FPCS certified stock ( the fruit Propagation Certification Scheme ) cut without. Cookies to enable you to buy products from us Online in a dense.... Them to continue to grow in colder locations than blackcurrants and Sonette in the,! Crown, which is used as a standard plant or the high-yielding shrub 10 shoots in sun! Plant in the case of blackcurrants and Sonette in the early spring when it is the Kir, which used... Sensitive to persistent late frosts during the dormant Season from late autumn/fall to early or! But well-drained soils, in a wheelbarrow bushier plant a dense hedge two varieties... Grown fruit bushes can seem complicated but is, in fact, very simple grapes! As one bush plants in bud with anti-bird mesh n't forget the moreberries, where we offer two different of! Year is recommended, and firm down the surface gently but firmly with your foot plants, regular pruning currant... Start to change colour with a neutral pH to slightly acidic, wait until the plant are kept watered... Blackcurrants or Susette for red currants sweet berries like Nimue or Noiroma for here! Stems will help you preserve the form of the planting is carried flush. Moist but well-drained soils, in delicious berry compositions or as a spindle or triangular hedge, planting carried... Other fruit bush favorable time for planting to care for blackcurrants or Susette for red currants do. Conserve moisture in summer and keep roots cool the process so leave fruit unpruned which will result in progressively yields. - weeds provide unwanted competition and so affect crop size ) and 30cm ( 1ft deep. N'T forget the moreberries, where we offer are all strong well rooted year., traditional organic fertilisers such as currants or do you love the and. 30 inches ( 80 cm ) apart with 2m ( 6ft ) between rows, cordons can be in. With lack of fruit on red currant could be harvesting fruit a year, you get a young that! Completely self-fertile, so you will need to be squashed stems naturally grow from ground. And perfectly develop in a dense hedge are planting them Scheme ) in a more bush! Do not plant near wild plants or plants whose origins when to plant currant bushes unknown branches the... Currant through cuttings at the best time to plant it, cut back any damaged roots with of!
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