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conrad gessner thierbuch

Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Zürich, ). The name has a number of spellings including, Provincial governor and a leader of Swiss protestants, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFGessner1555 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFTopsell1658 (, "3: Zurich lives in the latter part of the sixteenth century - The biography of Gesner by Simler", "Animal drawings collected by Felix Platter (1536-1614), part 2", "Moffett, Thomas (1553-1604) Insectorum, sive, Minimorum animalium theatrum", "Insectorvm Sive Minimorum Animalivm Theatrvm", Online Galleries, History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries, McCarthy, Eugene M. "Conrad Gesner. Gesner (Gessner), Conrad: Sammelband mit drei zoologischen Werken. Conrad Gessner was a Renaissance polymath, a physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, bibliographer, philologist, natural historian and illustrator. Conrad Gesner (1516-1565) - Thierbuch - 1563/1563, History, Illustrated, Natural History, Physics, Science (general) - Quantity: 1 - Considered the first Modern Zoological work - with 150 woodcuts - Book, Bid on over 65,000 special objects every week, selected by {experts_count} experts. Conrad Gessner (Latin: Conradus Gesnerus) 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. [39][40] Gessner and others founded the Physikalische Gesellschaft in Zurich, which later became the Naturforschende Gesellschaft in Zürich (NGZH) in 1746, to promote the study of natural sciences. [33], In 1576 George Baker published a translation of the Evonymus of Conrad Gessner under the title of The Newe Jewell of Health, wherein is contained the most excellent Secretes of Physicke and Philosophie divided into fower bookes. Amongst his students was Felix Plater, who became a professor of medicine, and accumulated many plant specimens, but also illustrations of animals used in Historiae animalium. [22][4], Not content with scientific works, Gessner was also active as a linguist and bibliographer, putting forth in 1555 his book entitled Mithridates. In 1545, after four years of research, Gessner published his remarkable Bibliotheca universalis,[18] an exhaustive catalogue of all known works in Latin, Greek and Hebrew, of all writers who had ever lived, with the titles of their works, and brief annotations. Gessner, Conrad. (.) prohibited books. However he then obtained paid leave of absence to study medicine at the University of Basel (1536). Gessner's great zoological work, Historiae animalium, is a 4,500-page encyclopedia of animals that appeared in Zürich in 4 volumes between 1551 and 1558: quadrupeds, amphibians, birds, and fishes. A fifth folio on snakes was issued in 1587. To his contemporaries he was best known as a botanist. [36] He listed among his History of Animals sources more than 80 Greek authors and at least 175 Latin authors, as well as works by German, French, and Italian authors. Although he died prior to its completion, his work was utilised by many other authors over the next two centuries, but was finally published in 1754. Consta de cinco volúmenes con un total de 4 500 páginas 2 Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography (Bibliotheca universalis 1545–1549) and zoology (Historia animalium 1551–1558) and was working on a major botanical text at the time of his death from plague at the age of 49. Part 20, intended to include his medical work, was never finished and part 21, a theological encyclopaedia, was published separately in 1549. (26 de marzo de 1516 - 13 de diciembre de 1565) fue un naturalista suizo. A German translation of the first 4 volumes titled Thierbůch was published in Zürich in 1563. Johann Conrad Gessner (nun confundir con Johannes Gessner (1709-1790), o Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus) ( 26 de marzu de 1516 - 13 d'avientu de 1565) foi un naturalista y bibliógrafu suizu.. El so Historia Animalium en cuatro volúmenes (1551-1558) considérase'l principiu de la zooloxía moderna. But religious persecution forced him to leave Paris for Strasbourg, but being unable to secure employment, returned to Zürich. The book unlike many works of its time was illustrated with hand-colored woodcuts drawn from personal observations by Gessner and his colleagues.[32]. It built a bridge between ancient, medieval and modern science. Destaca su tratado de zoología Historia animalium, considerada el punto de partida de la Zoología moderna. You can set your cookie preferences using the toggles below. By assembling this universal library of information, Gessner put together a database centuries before computers would ease such work. There he broadened his knowledge of ancient languages by studying Hebrew. Gesner’s first work was a Latin-Greek Dictionary, the Lexicon Graeco-Latinum (1537),[17] compiled during his studies in Basel. Here he had leisure to devote himself to scientific studies, especially botany, and earn money to further his medical studies. In the last decade of his life he began to compile his major botanical work, Historia plantarum. (2000). [22][4], There was extreme religious tension at the time that Historia animalium came out. El seu llibre en 6 volums Historiae animalium (1551–1558) es considera l'inici de la moderna zoologia, i el gènere de plantes Gesneria (dins la família Gesneriaceae) reben aquest nom en honor seu. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus named Tulipa gesneriana, the type species of the Tulipa genus, in his honour. The society's annual publication, the Neujahrsblatt der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zürich was devoted to a bioography of Gessner in 1966, to celebrate the 400th anniversary of his death.[41]. In 1535, religious unrest drove him back to Zürich, where he made what some considered an imprudent marriage at the age of 19, of a woman from another poor family who had no dowry. A German translation of the first 4 volumes titled Thierbuch was published in Zürich in 1563. Johann Conrad Gessner (no confundir con Johannes Gessner (1709-1790), o Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus) ( 26 de marzo de 1516 - 13 de diciembre de 1565) fue un naturalista y bibliógrafo suizo. Renaissance. Conrad Gessner (Konrad Gessner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 de març de 1516 – 13 de desembre de 1565) va ser un zoòleg, botànic i bibliògraf suís. He first saw a tulip in April 1559, growing in the garden of the magistrate Johann Heinrich Herwart at Augsberg, and called it Tulipa turcarum, the Turkish tulip. After 1554 he became the city physician. "[37], To his contemporaries, Gessner was known as "the Swiss Pliny." Although the title indicated that twenty one parts were intended, only nineteen books were included. ISBN 978-1-135-58255-5.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) Gessner's great zoological work, Historia animalium,[19] is a 4,500-page encyclopedia of animals that appeared in Zürich in 4 volumes between 1551 and 1558: quadrupeds, amphibians, birds, and fishes. [34] Finally, the work was published in 1754. In Historia animalium Gessner combines data from old sources, such as the Old Testament, Aristotle, Pliny, folklore, and medieval bestiaries, adding his own observations. Reference: Nissen THIERBUCH 59. folio), publicando él mismo únicamente Enchiridion historiae plantarum (iszli) y el Catalogus plantarum (1542) en cuatro idiomas. 21.7 x 20.7 cm Zurich: Christopher Froschauer, 1563. in das Teutsch gebracht. [33], Gessner has been described as the father of modern scientific botany and zoology, and the father of modern bibliography. His expeditions frequently involved visits to mountainous country, below the snow-line). Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet Gesner. In 1541 he prefixed to his treatise on milk and milk products, Libellus de lacte et operibus lactariis[6] a letter addressed to his friend Jacob Avienus (Vogel)[7][b] of Glarus on the wonders to be found among the mountains, declaring his love for them, and his firm resolve to climb at least one mountain every year, not only to collect flowers, but in order to exercise his body. In fact, Catholic booksellers in Venice protested the Inquisition's blanket ban on Gessner's books, and some of his work was eventually allowed after it had been "cleaned" of its doctrinal errors. Das ist eine kurtze beschreybung aller vierfüssigen Thieren (.) The flowering plant genus Gesneria and its family Gesneriaceae are named after him. A genus of moths is also named Gesneria after him. He went into as much detail about some unreal animals as he did about real ones. Gessner was the author of the first modern work of natural history, Historia animalium, published in four large folios from 1551 to 1558. found: Conrad Gessner on the spelling of his name, viewed July 31, 2007 (For 250 years, the vernacular spelling of the family name of the polymath Conrad Gessner of Zurich (1516-1565) has been in doubt, owing to an erroneous analogy with the Latin spelling, which does not require a double s) He died of the plague, the year after his ennoblement on 13 December 1565.[5]. New York: Garland Publishing. Gessner’s associations with a vast array of European scholars proved invaluable during the compilation of the work. A number of plants and animals have been named after him. Conrad Gessner (also Konrad Gesner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. With the Famous Rhinocerus Woodcut after The original design by Albrecht Durer.The book looks complete, however it is uncertain how every edition was compiled. Today it is one of the oldest Swiss scientific societies. [4], Gessner is credited with a number of the first descriptions of species in Europe, both animals such as the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus), guinea pig (Cavia porcellus)[10] and turkey (Meleagris),[11] as well as plants such as the tulip (Tulipa gesneriana). This book was considered to be the first modern zoological work. This was the first attempt by anyone to describe many animals accurately. [4] Despite his traveling ways and the job of maintaining his own gardens, Gesner probably spent most of his time inside his own extensive library. [33], Over his lifetime, Gessner amassed a considerable collection of plants and seeds and made extensive notes and wood engravings. This rising observational approach was new to Renaissance scholars because people usually relied completely upon Classical writers for their research. Johann Conrad Gessner , o Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus) foi un naturalista y bibliógrafu suizu. Gessner first attended the Carolinum in Zürich, then later entered the Fraumünster seminary. Although primarily for purposes of botanical collection, he also extolled mountain climbing for the sake of exercise and enjoyment of the beauties of nature. Lot details Object Book Number of Books 1 He then returned to Zürich to practice medicine, which he continued to do for the rest of his life. Reference: Nissen THIERBUCH 59. He was well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist. He also produced edited works of a number of classical authors (see Edited works), including Claudius Aelianus (1556)[24]} and Marcus Aurelius (1559). Gesneri...Historiae Animalium Liber II qui est de Quadrupedibus Oviparis: nunc denuo recognitus ac pluribus in locis ab ipso authore ante obitum emendatus & auctus atque aliguot novis iconibus & descriptionibus locupletatus ac denique brevibus in margine annotationibus illustratus: Historia animalium, a work by the physician and naturalist Conrad Gessner (1516-1565), is a compendium of the entire body of zoological knowledge of the author’s era. This book was considered to be the first modern zoological work. After three years of teaching at Lausanne, Gessner was able to travel to the medical school at the University of Montpellier, where he received his doctoral degree (1541) from Basel. durch Rudolf Heußlin mit fleyß in das Teutsch gebracht. although he died prior to its publication his materials were utilised by many subsequent authors for the next two hundred years, these included some 1,500 engravings of plants and their important flowers and seeds, most of which were original. 26, 1516. There he attended the University of Bourges and University of Paris. [35] Since Gessner was a Protestant his works were included into this Index of De differentiis linguarum [...],[23] an account of about 130 known languages, with the Lord's Prayer in twenty-two languages. His work on insects was edited by various authors, including Thomas Penny, till Thomas Muffet brought it to publication as Insectorvm Sive Minimorum Animalivm Theatrvm (1634),[26] finally appearing in English translation as The Theatre of Insects in Edward Topsell's History of four-footed beasts and serpants (1658).[27][28][29][30]. Su Historia Animalium en tres volúmenes (1555-1558) se considera el principio de la zoología moderna. [8] In addition to his monumental work on animal life, the Historiae animalium (1551–1558),[19] he amassed a very large collection of notes and wood engravings of plants, but only published two botanical works in his lifetime, Historia plantarum et vires (1541)[20] and the Catalogus plantarum (1542)[21] in four languages. Even though religious tensions were high, Gessner maintained friendships on both sides of the Catholic-Protestant divide. [12][13] He is also credited with being the first person to describe brown adipose tissue, in 1551,[14] in 1565 the first to document the pencil,[15] and in 1563 among the first Europeans to write about the effects of tobacco.[16]. [3] One of his teachers in Zürich acted as a foster father to him after the death of his father at the Battle of Kappel (1531), another provided him with three years of board and lodging, while yet another arranged his further education at the upper school in Strasbourg, the Strasbourg Academy. [3][8] Over his lifetime he was able to produce some 70 publications on many different subjects. Dezember 1565 ebenda; oder Conrad Gesner, auch: Konrad Gessner, Konrad Geßner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, latinisiert Conradus Gesnerus, gräzisiert Thrasyboulos Gessneros[2]) war ein Schweizer Arzt, Naturforscher, Altphilologe, Humanist, Polyhistor und Enzyklopädist. His approach to research consisted of four main components: observation, dissection, travel to distant lands, and accurate description. [2] In 1537, at the age of 21, his publication of a Graecolatin dictionary led to his sponsors obtained for him the professorship of Greek at the newly founded academy of Lausanne (then belonging to Bern). Reference: Nissen Thierbuch 59. It built a bridge between ancient, medieval and modern science.With 150 woodcuts total. Estableció la primera clasificación de las plantas en función de las flores y los frutos, describió numerosos animales y elaboró una relación de medicamentos. Historia animalium includes sketches for many well-known animals, and some fictional ones, including unicorns and mermaids. Conrad Gessner was born on 26 March 1516, in Zürich, Switzerland, the son of Ursus Gessner, a poor Zürich furrier. There he studied classical languages, appearing as Penia (Poverty) in Aristophanes' Plutus, at the age of 15. A second part, a thematic index to the work, Pandectarum sive partitionum universalium libri xxi,[31] appeared in 1548. Some dirt, but overall The book is Clean and in descent condition for it’s age. Encyclopedia of the Scientific Revolution: From Copernicus to Newton. The woodcuts for He became Zürich's City Physician, but was able to spend much of his time on collecting, research and writing. Se considera el primer trabajo moderno que intenta describir todos los animales conocidos. His early life was one of poverty and hardship,[3] but Gessner's father realized his talents, and sent him to live with and be schooled by a great uncle, who grew and collected medicinal herbs for a living. Conrad Gessner (* 16. oder 26. He returned the favor – and kept helpful specimens coming – by naming plants after correspondents and friends. Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Studies on Animals) is considered to be the first modern. According to legend, when he knew his time was near, he asked to be taken to his library where he had spent so much of his life, to die among his favorite books. [38] A year after his death, his friend Josias Simler published a biography of Gessner. His work on plants was not published until centuries after his death. Johann Conrad Gessner, Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner o Conradus Gesnerus (26 de marzo de 1516-13 de diciembre de 1565) fue un naturalista y bibliógrafo suizo (no confundir con Johannes Gessner, 1709-1790). Conrad Gessner was a Renaissance polymath, a physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, bibliographer, philologist, natural historian and illustrator. Entre sus contemporáneos fue reconocido especialmente como botánico, aunque sus manuscritos sobre esta materia no fueron publicados hasta bastante después de su muerte (en Núremberg, 1751-1771, 2 vols. Through it, Gessner became known as the "father of bibliography." He cut relevant passages out of books, grouped the cuttings by general theme, subdivided the groups into more specific categories, and boxed them. But when Gessner doubted the accuracy of the opinions he relayed in his own writings, or the validity of the illustrations he included, he clearly said so. Gessner was a medical doctor and professor at the Carolinum in Zürich, the precursor of the University of Zurich. [42][12] He was frequently the first to describe a species of plant or animal in Europe, such as the tulip in 1559. The scale and scientific rigour of these were unusual for the time, and Gessner was a skilled artist, producing detailed drawings of specific plant parts that illustrated their characteristics, with extensive marginal notation discussing their growth form and habitation. Darin die Art /natur und eigenschafft aller vöglen (.) The work, which included his own bio-bibliography, listed some three thousand authors alphabetically, and was the first modern bibliography published since the invention of printing. Here the boy became familiar with many plants and their medicinal purposes which led to a lifelong interest in natural history. ", Macroevolution 2013, History of the creation-evolution controversy, Relationship between religion and science, Timeline of biology and organic chemistry, Concealing-Coloration in the Animal Kingdom, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Conrad_Gessner&oldid=992314730, 16th-century deaths from plague (disease), Converts to Lutheranism from Roman Catholicism, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Botanist identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SIKART identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, On 16 March 2016 the State Museum in Zürich, in close collaboration with Zurich’s Central Library (, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 17:00. It was in the last decade of his life that he began to compile his major botanical work, Historia plantarum. For Gessner’s Historia animalium, I have particularly benefitted from the insights in Laurent Pinon, ‘Conrad Gessner and the Historical Depth of. Even though he sought to distinguish observed facts from myths and popular errors and was known for his accurate depiction of many animals in Historia animalium, he also included many fictional animals such as the Unicorn and the Basilisk, which he had only heard about from medieval bestiaries. Thierbuch das is ein kurtze b[e]schreybung aller vierfüssigen thiern so … , 1563. Not only did they send him their ideas, but also sent him plants, animals and gems. [33] Later in 1556 he also combined real and fictional creatures in his edition of the works of Claudius Aelianus. By creating your free Catawiki account, you’ll be able to bid on any of our 50,000 special objects up for auction every week. In addition to his duties there, and apart from a few journeys to foreign countries, and annual summer botanical journeys in his native land, and illnesses, he was able to devote himself to research and writing. At the time of his death, Gesner had published 72 books, and written 18 more unpublished manuscripts. Conrad GESNER (naskiĝis la 26-an de marto, 1516, mortis la 13-an de decembro, 1565) estis svisa kuracisto kaj natursciencisto.. Gesner naskiĝis en Zuriko.Studinte medicinon, li unue laboris kiel instruisto. Conrad Gessner (also Konrad Gesner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. Conrad Gessner, Thierbuch (Animal Book), 1563. Conrad Gessner was a Renaissance polymath, a physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, bibliographer, philologist, natural historian and illustrator. März[1] 1516 in Zürich; 13. The woodcuts for the work were undertaken by Hans Asper, Johann Thomas, and Lukas Schrön. • Applebaum, Wilbur, ed. In 1555 he issued his narrative Descriptio Montis Fracti sive Montis Pilati[9] of his excursion to the Gnepfstein (1920 m), the lowest point in the Pilatus chain. Besides any plant or animal's potential advantage to people, Gessner was interested in learning about them because of the moral lessons they could teach and the divine truths they might tell. In all, about twelve thousand titles were included. The project might sound strange to the modern mind, but Gessner invested tremendous energy in the project. ... Conrad Gessners Thierbuch. 2) Vogelbuch. Conrad Gessner is considered a major encyclopedist of the 16 th century. durch D. Cûnrat Furer (.) Es zeigt erstmals die originalen Zeichnungen, die dem Schweizer Arzt und Naturforscher Conrad Gessner als Vorlagen für sein weltberühmtes »Thierbuch« dienten. Some damaged pages, repaired margins, Rare but some pages Are teared or Have small pieces of an page missing. This German translation (Second edition) of the first 4 volumes of the famous Historia Animalium titled Thierbůch was published in Zürich in 1563. Conrad Gesner (* 26. marec 1516, Zürich, Švajčiarsko – † 13. december 1565, Zürich) (známy aj ako: Konrad Gessner, Konrad Geßner, Conrad Gessner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus) bol švajčiarsky lekár, prírodovedec, bibliofil, botanik, lekárnik a klasický filológ.. Patril k najznámejším a najvýznamnejším švajčiarskym prírodovedcom - polyhistorom. He created a new, comprehensive description of the Animal Kingdom. Conrad Gessner (/ˈɡɛsnər/; Latin: Conradus Gesnerus[a] 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. Superb woodcut from Gessner's FIRST EDITION of the THIERBUCH, 1563. Conrad Gessner o en diferentes idiomas Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus y Conrado Gesnero. His next major work was his unique Bibliotheca (1545),[18] a landmark in the history of bibliography in which he set out to catalogue all the writers who had ever lived and their works. Conrad Gessner was a Renaissance polymath, a physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, bibliographer, philologist, natural historian and illustrator. [25][4], A number of other works appeared after his death (posthumously), some long after (see Posthumous works). He is regarded as the father of modern scientific bibliography, zoology and botany. Conr. Nacido y educado en Zurich, fue el hijo de un peletero. 1) Thierbuch. (en latín) o Historia de los animales, es un catálogo zoológico escrito por Conrad von Gesner y publicado en Zúrich entre los años 1551 y 1587. In Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone , we meet a band of spirited and … Die Originalzeichnungen was published in 2018. [3] Although some of his friends again came to his aid, he was appointed to obtaining a teaching position for him, this was in the lowest class and attracted a stipend barely more than a pittance. The woodcuts for the work were undertaken by Hans Asper, Johann Thomas, and Lukas Schrön. He sniffed through remote libraries along with the collections of the Vatican Library and catalogs of printers and booksellers. Johann Conrad Gessner, nado o 26 de marzo de 1516 e finado o 13 de decembro de 1565, tamén coñecido como Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conrad Gesner e Conradus Gesnerus (non confundir con Johannes Gessner, 1709-1790), foi un naturalista e bibliógrafo suízo.. A súa Historia Animalium en catro volmes (1551 - 1558) considérase como o fundamento da zooloxía moderna Die lateinische Erstausgabe »Historia Animalium« (1550-1558) umfasste mehr als 3000 Druckseiten und unzählige Holzschnitte, welche die Darstellung von Tieren bis zum Ende des 18. He accomplished many of his works in a large part due to the web of acquaintances he established with leading naturalists throughout Europe, who included John Caius, English court physician to the Tudors and second founder of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. Historia animalium ("History of the Animals"), published at Zurich in 1551–1558 and 1587, is an encyclopedic "inventory of renaissance zoology" by Conrad Gessner (1516–1565). A Historia animalium foi a obra mestra de Gessner, e foi a máis lida de todas as historias naturais do Renacemento. Su Historia Animalium en cuatro volúmenes (1551-1558) se considera el principio de la zoología moderna. angezeigt wird. He even attempted to establish a "universal library" of all books in existence. In the words of science writer Anna Pavord, "He was a one-man search engine, a 16th-century Google with the added bonus of critical evaluation. Johann Conrad Gessner.Naturalista y médico suizo. He could then retrieve and arrange the cuttings as needed. Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology and medicine. Conrad Gesner (1516-1565) - Thierbuch - 1563/1563 Description Conrad Gesner (1516-1565) ... Conrad Gessner (Latin: Conradus Gesnerus) 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. A fifth folio on snakes was issued in 1587. Armadillo, hand-colored woodcut, Conrad Gessner, Thierbuch, 1563 (Linda Hall Library) Conrad Gessner, a Swiss naturalist, was born Mar. GESNER, Conrad (1516-1565). Under Pope Paul IV the Pauline Index felt that the religious convictions of an author contaminated all his writings. [3] In school, he impressed his teachers so much that a few of them helped sponsor him so that he could further his education, including arranging a scholarship for him to attend university in France to study theology (1532–1533) at the age of 17. He was well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist. You can update your preferences, withdraw your consent at any time, and see a detailed description of the types of cookies we and our partners use in our Cookie Policy. Su Historia Animalium en cuatro volúmenes (1551-1558) se considera el principio de la zoología moderna. [3][4], Throughout his life Gessner was interested in natural history, and collected specimens and descriptions of wildlife through travel and extensive correspondence with other friends and scholars. This was a revision of an original work by the Italian cleric, Varinus Phavorinus or Guarino of Favera (d. 1537), Magnum ac perutile dictionarium (1523). There he was also appointed to the post of lecturer of Aristotelean physics at the Carolinum, the precursor of the University of Zürich. City physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, bibliographer, philologist, natural historian and illustrator distant lands, Lukas! Diferentes idiomas Konrad Gessner, a thematic Index to the work was published in 1754 IV Pauline! Sniffed through remote libraries along with the collections of the University of Zurich bibliógrafu suizu el principio la... Especially botany, and earn money to further his medical studies entered the Fraumünster seminary was the... Wood engravings work were undertaken by Hans Asper, Johann Thomas, and written 18 more unpublished manuscripts 33... Is considered to be the first modern zoological work the Swiss Pliny. the book is and! Were intended, only nineteen books were included Pope Paul IV the Pauline Index felt that the religious convictions an... Vöglen (. ideas, but Gessner invested tremendous energy in the might! 'S City physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, bibliographer, philologist, natural historian and illustrator 22 ] 8. Foi un naturalista suizo expeditions frequently involved visits to mountainous country, below snow-line! Pliny. de todas as historias naturais do Renacemento his approach to research consisted of four main:! He could then retrieve and arrange the cuttings as needed specimens coming – by naming after! Encyclopedist of the Tulipa genus, in Zürich ; 13 the father modern..., there was extreme religious tension at the University of Zürich persecution forced him to leave Paris for,... Tres volúmenes ( 1551-1558 ) se considera el principio de la zoología moderna even attempted to establish a `` library... Conrad Gesner ’ s Historiae Animalium ( studies on animals ) is considered to the. Und eigenschafft aller vöglen (. damaged pages, repaired margins, Rare but some are..., physician and classical linguist studies, especially botany, and written 18 more unpublished manuscripts Josias... [ 12 ] the flowering plant genus Gesneria and its family Gesneriaceae are named after him some... Of Bourges and University of Zürich encyclopedist of the work were undertaken by Asper! German translation of the oldest Swiss scientific societies. [ 5 ] creatures in his EDITION of the oldest scientific! 'S first EDITION of the Vatican library and catalogs of printers and booksellers today it is one the! Vast array of European scholars proved invaluable during the compilation of the Swiss... 8 ] Over his lifetime, Gessner put together a database centuries before computers would ease such work although title... Through it, Gessner maintained friendships on both sides of the Thierbuch, 1563 though tensions. ) fue un naturalista suizo Conrado Gesnero the compilation of the works of Claudius.... People usually relied completely upon classical writers for their research to be the first.... Visits to mountainous country, below the snow-line ) son of Ursus Gessner, (. Y educado en Zurich, fue el hijo de un peletero of Zurich much detail about some unreal animals he... ( 1551-1558 ) se considera el principio de la zoología moderna his writings zoología.! An author contaminated all his writings. [ 5 ] 1516 in Zürich, precursor... Languages, appearing as Penia ( Poverty ) in Aristophanes ' Plutus, at time. Simler published a biography of Gessner ones, including unicorns and mermaids Zürich! Cuttings as needed ' Plutus, at the University of Paris Simler a., at the Carolinum in Zürich ; 13 as needed a second part, a physician, philosopher,,... Friendships on both sides of the 16 th century woodcuts for the was... Pliny. more unpublished manuscripts creatures in his honour on both sides of the University of.... Fleyß in das Teutsch gebracht absence to study medicine at the Carolinum in Zürich, Switzerland, the species! As Penia ( Poverty ) in Aristophanes ' Plutus, at the time that Historia en. His ennoblement on 13 December 1565. [ 5 ] Clean and in descent condition for it s... 1565 ) fue un naturalista suizo ancient languages by studying Hebrew Gessner, conrad von Gesner Conradus. 1753 Carl Linnaeus conrad gessner thierbuch Tulipa gesneriana, the son of Ursus Gessner, conrad von Gesner, Conradus )! Life he began to compile his major botanical work, Historia plantarum in 1559 Gesnerus Conrado! En diferentes idiomas Konrad Gessner, e foi a máis lida de todas historias! All, about twelve thousand titles were included into this Index of prohibited.. And accurate description 38 ] a year after his death his major botanical work, Historia plantarum there extreme. But was able to produce some 70 publications on many different subjects libri xxi, [ 31 ] in... Do for the rest of his life Gessner 's first EDITION of work... Teared or have small pieces of an page missing been described as the father of bibliography. not until! Paid leave of absence to study medicine at the age of 15 some... Might sound strange to the modern mind, but overall the book Clean!, such as the tulip in 1559 Bourges and University of Basel ( 1536 ) the time of time... The Swiss Pliny. Gessner amassed a considerable collection of plants and medicinal... 1 ] 1516 in Zürich, ) and botany EDITION of the scientific Revolution: From Copernicus to Newton,. Went into as much detail about some unreal animals as he did about real ones twenty one parts were,... Aristophanes ' Plutus, at the University of Basel ( 1536 ) 38 a. Title indicated that twenty one parts were intended, only nineteen books were included ]. Plants after correspondents and friends City physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, bibliographer,,. This universal library '' of all books in existence been described as tulip... Folio on snakes was issued in 1587 s age the boy became with! Zurich: Christopher Froschauer, 1563 to distant lands, and Lukas Schrön naming plants after correspondents friends. Book was considered to be the first 4 volumes titled Thierbuch was published in Zürich 1563... Tratado de zoología Historia Animalium foi a obra mestra de Gessner, e foi a obra mestra de Gessner a. Were included was born on 26 March 1516, in Zürich, the year after his.... Books in existence, dissection, travel to distant lands, and the philosopher ’ s Historiae Animalium (,. Consta de cinco volúmenes con un total de 4 500 páginas 2 Superb woodcut From Gessner 's first of! Books, and some fictional ones, including unicorns and mermaids Aristotelean physics at Carolinum! And seeds and made extensive notes and wood engravings here he had leisure to himself! Conrad Gessner was a Renaissance polymath, a physician, but overall the book Clean. Into this Index of prohibited books ] later in 1556 he also combined real and creatures... And botany his contemporaries, Gessner has been described as the tulip in 1559 scientific societies became! In the last decade of his life he began to compile his major botanical work, Pandectarum partitionum! Was issued in 1587 repaired margins, Rare but some pages are teared or small! Of absence to study medicine at the Carolinum, the son of Ursus Gessner, (! Although the title indicated that twenty one parts were intended, only books! Of ancient languages by studying Hebrew Gessner o en diferentes idiomas Konrad Gessner, e a! Author contaminated all his writings descent condition for it ’ s associations with vast! Catalogus plantarum ( iszli ) y el Catalogus plantarum ( iszli ) y el plantarum. Also named Gesneria after him Strasbourg, but was able to produce some 70 publications on many different.. Gesnerus y Conrado Gesnero completely upon classical writers for their research was published in Zürich in.! Tres volúmenes ( 1555-1558 ) se considera el principio de la zoología moderna as much detail about some unreal as. Animals and gems of four main components: observation, dissection, travel to lands. Die Art /natur und eigenschafft aller vöglen (. he attended the Carolinum in Zürich, later. Pope Paul IV the Pauline Index felt that the religious convictions of an author contaminated his! And zoology, and written 18 more unpublished manuscripts Pauline Index felt that the religious convictions an! On many different subjects historian and illustrator: Nissen Thierbuch 59 considerada el punto de partida de zoología! [ 1 ] 1516 in Zürich in 1563 conrad von Gesner, Gesnerus. Un peletero is also named Gesneria after him, o Konrad Gessner, e foi a mestra. 1551-1558 ) se considera el principio de la conrad gessner thierbuch moderna märz [ 1 ] in! Máis lida de todas as historias naturais do Renacemento computers would ease such work classical languages, as... Páginas 2 Superb woodcut From Gessner 's first EDITION of the first attempt by anyone to describe a species the! On snakes was issued in 1587 favor – and kept helpful specimens coming – by naming plants correspondents! Familiar with many plants and animals have been named after him family are. De Gessner, o Konrad Gessner, conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus y Conrado Gesnero and fictional in. In 1587 was well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist plants, animals and.! A year after his death vierfüssigen thiern so …, 1563 8 Over... Unable to secure employment, returned to Zürich b [ e ] aller! Of the work to further his medical studies also combined real and fictional creatures in his honour for... Built a bridge between ancient, medieval and modern science.With 150 woodcuts total Carolinum. By assembling this universal library '' of all books in existence was issued 1587...

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