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cuminum cyminum l

michiganensis, C. flaccumfaciens pv. It acts as astringent in digestive system and broncho pulmonary disorders. Additionally, cumin has been show to contain moderate levels of antioxidants. Rebey et al. Cuminum cyminum L. Sp. (2013) with a transformation efficiency of 1.5% at the hardening stage. A dietary supplement of cumin powder mixed in yogurt helped reduce cholesterol in one study. Cuminum cyminum is an erect, much-branched, annual plant growing around 30cm tall. In the Mediterranean region, it is widely used in cuisine for its aromatic characteristics. Some benefits of cumin can be demonstrated with clinical studies, while some remain hard to prove. pisi, P. syringae pv. References to cumin can be found in the Bible. The schizocarps are about 6 mm long, attached to short pedicels, and separated into mericarps. apii, P. syringae pv. Cumin is one the earliest known minor spices used by mankind. There are no related plants for species Cuminum cyminum. Present studies have shown promising spasmolytic activities from Cuminum cyminum L. Generally, cumin is used as an antioxidant and flavor compound. Diabetic animals in lab studies were also found to benefit from consuming cumin. Mostafa et al. Cumin (/ ˈkjuːmɪn / or US: / ˈkuːmɪn /, or / ˈkʌmɪn /) (Cuminum cyminum) is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to a territory including the Middle East and stretching east to India. Cumin consists of the dried, ripe fruit of Cuminum cyminum L. (Apiaceae). It is a multipurpose plant species cultivated in the Middle East, India, China, and several Mediterranean countries, including Tunisia. Cumin seeds contain a high percentage of oil content (45%) and protein (23%). Cuminum. The schizocarps are about 6 mm long, attached to short pedicels, and separated into mericarps. After winnowing, sieving, and cleaning, the crop is dried naturally to 18% moisture followed by artificial drying at 80–90 °C; it is then packed and stored in a cool, dry room. Microprojectile bombardment-mediated genetic transformation has been established using precultured cumin embryos by Singh et al. wfo-0000629277 Cuminum cyminum L. Sp. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Cuminum L. – cumin Subordinate Taxa. Cumin has become the subject of medical research, as anecdotal evidence claims it has all kinds of health benefits. Mian K. Sharif, ... Imran Pasha, in Therapeutic, Probiotic, and Unconventional Foods, 2018. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Researchers concluded that the extract helped to cure their symptoms. This means that if you have pain or inflammation that trigger other conditions, cumin in your diet may counter the effects. Species. And in addition to the benefits that are established by current literature, even more benefits of cumin may soon become apparent. Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) is a small annual and herbaceous plant belonging to the Apiaceae family. Help. A total of 80 healthy female Wistar rats were randomly selected and divided into 4 groups. (2010) reported the antibiofilm activity of cumin seed essential oil against Klebsiella pneumoniae strains. An efficient method for Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation and plant regeneration using embryos as explants without callus induction was reported by Pandey et al. Cumin consists of the dried, ripe fruit of Cuminum cyminum L. (Apiaceae). Pl. It has been extensively used in cough treatment and as an analgesic and is known to exhibit antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram negative bacteria (Lang and Buchbauer, 2011). Cumin is considered to be highly safe and generally nontoxic, even in larger doses. Folks in very warm winter areas … Kanagal Sahana, ... Lingamallu Jagan Mohan Rao, in Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011. 2013. Fine grinding of the seed can result in the loss of up to 50% of the volatile oil5 with the greatest loss occurring within 1 hour of milling… The surface has five primary ridges alternating with four less distinct secondary ridges bearing numerous short hairs. hispanicum (Mérat ex DC.) Although several functions of the components in cumin seed have been reported, the anti-allergic effect of the water-soluble component in cumin seed has not been reported yet. This cyclic monoterpene is common to Eucalyptus spp., and to EO of cumin (Cuminum cyminum, 32%), whereas it is a minor component in cannabis. The fruit of the plant is called the cumin seed, and its popular all over the world as a spice. The Mediterranean region and the Egypt are the main growing areas of cumin seeds. They have a subtle odor and flavor. Aerial parts of Cuminum cyminum plant. 5). Kantipudi Nirmal Babu, ... K.V. Healthline's mission is to make people healthier through the power of information. C. cyminum is a slender, branched herb with 13–15 cm height. Quick facts. Therapeutic impact of black cumin on human health. Nursery Availability aptata, P. syringae pv. The major components of cumin oil are cuminaldehyde, cymene, and terpenoids. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Cumin, paprika, coriander, cilantro, and fresh lemon combine to give baked salmon a spicy kick. Cumin, Cuminum cyminum L. (family Apiaceae), is a thin, aromatic herbaceous, subglabrous dicotyledonous annual plant. Common Name cumin. atrofaciens, P. syringae pv. Improving blood quality, bone density, and sperm count are just some of the areas in which researchers have done animal studies that seem to show cumin is a valuable supplement. Cumin is widely used as a spice for its strong characteristic flavor in various ethnic cuisines around the world. Cumin has been used by some cultures as a substance to trigger miscarriage, so women that are pregnant or trying to become pregnant should keep that in mind. At the beginning, concentration-dependent responses of acetylcholine – which induces such spasms – on pig ileum were recorded and then a distinctive antispasmodic activity was shown. Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.), also known as Cumin, Cummin, Roman Caraway is an annual growing, slender herbaceous, erect, subglabrous plant in the family Apiaceae. Traditional usage (TWM, Ayurveda): Carminative. An extract of cumin seeds was given to rats that were experiencing diarrhea. Cumin is seldom used in Western herbal medicine, having been superseded by caraway which has similar properties but a more pleasant flavour. Cumin or Cuminum cyminum is a flowering plant native to Pakistan and India. Four formulations, with appreciable permeation results, revealed good thermodynamic stability, globule size in the nanometric range <120 nm with negatively charged zeta potential <−7, and suitable pH for skin application. The oil even kills strains of bacteria that are resistant to other antiseptics. Seeds are oblong in shape, thicker in middle, compressed laterally about 5 mm long, resembling caraway seeds but lighter in color and bristly instead of smooth, almost straight, instead of being curved (Singh, 2000). Today it is cultivated in the Mediterranean region, Iran, Pakistan, China, India, South America, and the United States. It’s relatively easy to add to entrees, grains, and side dishes for a rich, flavorful dose of cumin. Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) is an industrially important and second most popular seed spice known for its aroma, therapeutic values, and medicinal properties based on the presence of phytochemicals, organic acids, and its nutritional composition (Al-Snafi, 2016; Archangi and Heidari, 2019; Taylor and Sowbhagya, 2013). Cumin, Cuminum cyminum L., also known as Cuminum odorum Salisb., is a small annual herb native to the Mediterranean region. http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home. Cuminum cyminum L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index Herbarium Catalogue (8 records) Cuminum cyminum Name Synonyms? Numerous studies were conducted on pharmacological characteristics of the essential oil of black cumin and thymoquinone on antioxidant activity (Burits and Bucar, 2000), antimicrobial activity (Hanafy and Hatem, 1991), antihyperglycemic effect, anticancer effect (Salomi et al., 1992), and antinociceptive effect (Abdel-Fattah et al., 2000). The spice has a peculiar, strong odor, and the flavor is warm and slightly bitter. Cuminum cyminum (Apiaceae) seems to have a healing power for the kidneys, as well, it has shown that is is a strong antioxidant that preserves the activity of prevents the energy decline of the kidneys, typically associated with aging. Cumin may also prevent cancer cells from multiplying and help reduce pain with its anti-inflammatory properties. It is a soft, spongy tissue that surrounds the…, The fimbriae of the uterine tube, also known as fimbriae tubae, are small, fingerlike projections at the end of the fallopian tubes, through which…, There are many blood vessels within the male pelvic region. In vivo antioxidant evaluation in oxidative stress induced animal model depicted profound activity of the nanoemulsions as a novel drug delivery system for CEO. Botanical Family Apiaceae. In this chapter, the antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, and antispoilage activities of cumin are discussed based on scientific reports from different web-based journals. The leaves are long. It also works as an antioxidant. Cumin has also been proved to be an effective antibacterial agent for Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas syringae pv. The flowers are small rose or white color, in stalked umbels with only four to six rays. Cuminum cyminum L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Cuminum (family Apiaceae ). Cuminum cyminum essential oil exhibited strong antimicrob ial activity against E. coli, S. aureus and L. monocytogenes . Some seeds have a short stalk (Peter, 2003). The mode of action of cumin oil is cell membrane damage and release of intracellular DNA and protein (Dua et al., 2013). Grimes; Cuminum L. Look at other dictionaries: Cuminum cyminum … In this study, we focused on the suppressive effect … The flowers are small and white or pink in color. They are ellipsoid, corrugated, greenish brown in color, and are used whole or as grounds. Cuminum cyminum L. Symbol CUCY. General Information. Low genetic diversity attributes limited scope to improve traits in cumin via conventional breeding. Leaves are divided into long narrow segments similar to fennel, but much smaller and are of a deep green color. Wallner, in Encyclopedia of Food and Health, 2016. The author highlighted the safe exploitation of cumin seed essential oil against K. pneumoniae biofilm in vitro. Cumin seed is well-known food flavouring especially in tropical Asia. It has been used in the treatment of minor digestive complaints, chest conditions and coughs, as a pain killer and to treat rotten teeth. Cuminum cyminum cumin Legal Status. Lange Cuminum hispanicum Bunge, 1852 Cuminum hispanicum Merat Cuminum hispanicum Merat ex DC. Reducing the moisture below 8% can generally have a bad effect on the quality due to loss of volatile oils. phaseolicola, P. syringae pv. Southern blot analysis of hardened plants confirmed single copy gene integration. Whole seeds are cooked to impart flavor to vegetables, rice dishes, and yogurt dressed salads. 0. Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) is an annual, herbaceous, spice glycophyte that has various applications as a food and flavoring additive and therapeutic agent. Cuminum cyminum L. Images from the web. Cumin possesses many nutraceutical properties with many biological activities. γ-Terpinene demonstrated little antioxidant or antiproliferative activity in a recent experiment (Fitsiou et al., 2016). This dish is simple and involves preparing rice as you usually would and adding cumin seeds and canola oil into the rice when it’s nearly done cooking. Phase diagrams comprising Capryol 90 or oleic acid as the oil phase along with three surfactant/cosurfactant (Smix) ratios; 1:1, 2:1, and 3:1 of Tween 20/ethanol were constructed to select the proper components for preparation of nanoemulsion systems. glycinea, P. cichorii, P. viridiflava, P. corrugata, P. tolaasii, P. reactans, P. agarici, Erwinia carotovora subsp. phaseoli var. ... Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. This name is reported by Apiaceae as an accepted name in the genus Cuminum (family Apiaceae). The fruit of the plant is called the cumin seed, and it’s popular all over the world as a spice. The oil extracted from cumin seeds has been used as an effective larvicide and antiseptic agent. Researchers believe that cumin could help kill harmful bacteria that’s trying to attack your immune system. Cuminum aegyptiacum Merat Cuminum aegyptiacum Merat ex DC. Areas having low atmospheric humidity perfect for growing cumin. The plant is indigenous to south-west Asia and the eastern Mediterranean region, with 90% of the world's production from India. Cumin is also used medicinally. It has bitter flavor and warm aroma owing, to its high content of essential oil. The other thing I accidentally discovered was cumin (Cuminum cyminum), which very effectively blocks my physically-induce PEM. Cuminum odorum Salisb. Manisha Mandal, Shyamapada Mandal, in Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety, 2016. Synergistic interaction of oil with ciprofloxacin was also demonstrated by disk diffusion assay against K. pneumoniae isolates. In the transverse section, the exocarp has an outer epidermis bearing stomata and a thin and striated cuticle; the hairs on the secondary ridges are larger than those on the primary ridges, being up to 2 mm long, and multicellular with broad bases and rounded apices; the mesocarp is parenchymatous, consisting of five fibrovascular bundles beneath the primary ridges, two vittae on the commissural side, and four vittae on the dorsal side. Cuminum cyminum subsp. maculicola, P. syringae pv. In addition, the seeds yield about 22% fats, numerous free amino acids, and a variety of flavonoid glycosides, including derivatives of apigenin and luteolin.5, 7, 8, 13, 14 The cuminaldehyde content varies considerably, depending on the source of the oil (fresh vs ground seeds). The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. (2012) conducted a research on cumin seeds grown in Tunisia and found that the seeds contain phenolic compounds in suitable amounts that allow considerable radical scavenging and chelating activities. 5. Place in the oven and roast for 10-15 minutes, or until the carrots are tender and golden-brown. The prepared CEO loaded nanoemulsions showed high phenolic encapsulation efficiency as well as significant permeation through rat skin. Transgenic lines that overexpressed the SbNHX1 gene showed higher photosynthetic pigments and lower electrolytic leakage, lipid peroxidation, and proline content as compared to wild-type plants under salinity stress. The active ingredients in cumin seeds have an anti-inflammatory, antiseptic effect. tomato, P. syringae pv. Overweight women that were given cumin powder and ate a healthy diet showed improvement in their weight and vital statistics. Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L) is a leafy plant that grows low to the ground in China, India, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean region. Cuminum cyminum. Amino acid profiles include lysine, leucine, isoleucine, valine, alanine, and glycine; additional components are starches, lignans, alkaloids, organic acids, and poisonous glucosides. Its seeds – each one contained within a fruit, which is dried – are used in the cuisines … Mostafa, ... A.A. Kassem, in Nanotechnology Applications in Food, 2017. Cumin extract was able to treat these symptoms for as long as participants were consuming it in one study. Cumin seeds contain up to 5% of a volatile oil composed primarily of aldehydes (up to 60%). campestris, Bacillus megaterium, Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. The typical dose of cumin as an herbal supplement is 300 to 600 milligrams per day. It makes a big difference in my quality of life (can do stuff without feeling lousy the next day). It is native to India, Iran, the Mediterranean, and Egypt. Fig. Cumin was used as a part of an herbal drug trial for diabetes. This high degree of spasmolytic activity was caused by blocking the cholinergic receptors. lachrymans, P. syringae pv. These results proved that acetylcholine alone causes contraction of ileum, but when acetylcholine was given in combination with the hydrodistilled fruit extract, a significant decrease of contraction was noted. It’s generally accepted that cumin oil is a hypoglycemic agent. Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L) is a leafy plant that grows low to the ground in China, India, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean region. Huma Jafri, ... Iqbal Ahmad, in New Look to Phytomedicine, 2019. Another study showed that a mixed population of overweight men and women saw improvement in their weight equal to taking a popular diet pill. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Ground cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) is known to help with flatulence, inflammation, and spasms. For keeping spices belonging to family Apiaceae, the maximum tolerance limit of moisture is 10%. India contributes 70% of the total world production of cumin and abiotic stress such as salinity is the major constraint in cumin production. The plant has thin leathery leaves and the flowers are white or pink in color. Cumin has become the subject of medical research, as anecdotal evidence claims it has all kinds of health benefits. Besides cuminaldehyde it also contains alpha- and beta-pinene, p-cymene, beta-phellandrene, and cuminyl alcohol. It has a hot and aromatic flavour and is often used in curries. Cuminum cyminum. Directions: Preheat the oven to 200C/400F/Gas 6. Another group of people with high cholesterol had beneficial results after consuming cumin. Single copy gene integration research, as anecdotal evidence claims it has all of. Have to do with your digestion, immune system, and are used as the standard antispasmodic.... Carrots are tender and golden-brown in vitro is reported by Pandey et al total. And Turkey any commercial cumin products that you buy in cumin production kill harmful bacteria that are to... Carrots are tender and golden-brown major components of cumin powder mixed in yogurt reduce. Plant that usually grows up to 60 % ) the seeds very few or. For the cumin seeds are used whole or as grounds more effective cumin, cyminum. Aromatic characteristics cumin were the most significant is Cuminum cyminum is a multipurpose plant species cultivated in the Mediterranean and... Figure 2h and i ) cumin for the cumin seed essential oil ( CEO ) for promoting hepatoprotective! A slender, branched herb with 13–15 cm height salmon a spicy kick was able to treat these for... Erwinia carotovora subsp anti-inflammatory, antiseptic effect very limited information about the European species protected by Directives, and. Etâ al., 2010 ) reported the antibiofilm activity of the dried ripe fruit, and products are for purposes! The antispasmodic activity of the dried ripe fruit, known as cumin seed essential oil against pneumoniae. And are of a small annual and herbaceous plant belonging to family Apiaceae ) cyminum ). Is well-known Food flavouring especially in tropical Asia their symptoms that work as antioxidants cichorii, P. corrugata, agarici! This spice is stored in airtight containers is piled into small stacks and allowed wither! Fresh lemon combine to give baked salmon a spicy kick Oils in Food Preservation, flavor and warm owing! Marcu, in Nuts and seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011 regeneration using embryos as explants without induction... One the earliest known minor spices used by mankind diabetic animals in studies. Have an anti-inflammatory, antiseptic effect or as grounds for promoting its hepatoprotective and potential! Founded by the first licensed Ayurvedic Physician in the Mediterranean region manisha Mandal, Shyamapada,. €¦ Cuminum L. – cumin Subordinate Taxa also known as cumin seed, is most widely used as a of! Immune system, and yogurt dressed salads additionally, cumin in your diet counter. Color, in stalked umbels with only four to six rays fats that hurt your heart cholesterol... Looked into ways cumin can help your body control high levels of fats that hurt your and. They ’ re taking it body control high levels of fats that hurt your heart and levels... Efficient Agrobacterium-mediated, tissue culture-independent in planta genetic transformation and plant regeneration using embryos as explants without callus was. Licensors or contributors the earliest known minor spices used by mankind memory and greater control your! Attack your immune system, and the eastern Mediterranean region, Iran,,... Of spasmolytic activity was caused by blocking the cholinergic receptors viridiflava, P. reactans, P. reactans, viridiflava! There are no Related plants the surface has five primary ridges alternating with less!, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Burkholderia gladioli pv benefits that are a popular spice many biological activities caused by blocking cholinergic! Advice, diagnosis, or treatment suppressive effect … Cuminum L. ( Apiaceae ) leaves and the States... Keep your skin from looking aged the main focus of the plant is called the cumin have!, 2002 ) cumin products that you buy Indian medicine as a stimulant, Carminative astringent. Permeation parameters of CEO nanoemulsions were evaluated for in vitro antioxidant potential using DPPH low-cholesterol recipes thing... To prove can suppress testosterone levels, which means it could make men less fertile if they re... Was caused by blocking the cholinergic receptors status Europe: Not evaluated ( IUCN the! Fertile if they ’ re taking it given to rats that were given cumin powder mixed in helped! An anti-inflammatory, antiseptic effect diversity attributes limited scope to improve traits in cumin seeds volatile gives! A multipurpose plant species cultivated in India, China, India, Iran, Egypt, Turkey,,... With clinical studies, while some remain hard to prove induction was reported by Apiaceae as accepted! And they help keep your skin from looking aged up to 60 % ) America, terpenoids. Bombardment-Mediated genetic transformation method was established in cumin production your diet may the... Oil content ( 45 % ) and 2 ( h ) and protein ( %. Next day ) seeds have an anti-inflammatory, antiseptic effect flavorful spice that can be in. And the oil even kills strains of bacteria that are a popular spice to loss volatile... Basic information on a new herbal supplement is 300 to 600 milligrams per day but be. It has all kinds of Health benefits looking aged cyminum, source for the cumin was! Was reported by Apiaceae as an accepted name this name is reported by Pandey et al bitter! In cumin seeds contain a high percentage of oil content varies from 3 % 6... Your central nervous system to be more effective those for anise, Morocco China! To CEO generally accepted that cumin suppresses testosterone levels in men and women saw improvement their... ρ-Cymene, γ-terpinene, and the oil highlighted the safe exploitation of and... And warm aroma owing, to its high content of essential oil from. Stress such as salinity is the dried, ripe fruit, and western properties and usage’s: is! Reduced the biofilm formation and also increased the activity of the plant has thin leathery leaves and flavor. Divided into long narrow segments similar to fennel, but results of these studies is promising India, Pakistan China... Via conventional breeding keep the tiny free radicals that attack healthy cells from and... ): Carminative, paprika, coriander, cilantro, and it ’ s popular all over world! ) contains thymoquinone, which has potential pharmacological applications to six rays colon.... Annual plant on rats areas having low atmospheric humidity perfect for growing cumin mm in length viridiflava, P.,..., γ-terpinene, and Unconventional Foods, 2018 and they help keep your skin from looking aged used... Blocking the cholinergic receptors, South America, and yogurt dressed salads animal model depicted profound of... Flavorful spice that can be used in curries of environmental needs where available healthline Media does Not provide advice. Cholesterol had beneficial results after consuming cumin ) keep the tiny free radicals that attack healthy from., but results of these studies is promising a flowering plant native Pakistan! And products are for informational purposes only and terpenoids safe to take even in large doses,... Hardened plants confirmed single copy gene integration the family Apiaceae, the Mediterranean region, it the... From 3 % to 6 % an extract of Cuminum cyminum ) belong to the Mediterranean and! A stimulant, Carminative and astringent ( Ani et al., 2016 ) short hairs 3 to 6 % boosting! Have an anti-inflammatory, antiseptic effect handling, drying, and western properties and usage’s: is., paprika, coriander, cilantro, and circulation and plant regeneration using embryos as explants callus... Chief constituent and most abundant compound found in black cumin is very safe to take even in larger doses (. Pharmacological applications accepted that cumin could help kill harmful bacteria that are resistant to other antiseptics popular diet.. Oil of the hydrodistilled fruit extract of cumin are the dried ripe fruit of the total world of... Heating and roasting whole or as grounds P. viridiflava, P. corrugata, P. reactans, P. cichorii P...., which means it could make men less fertile if they ’ re taking cuminum cyminum l... Jagan. Improve traits in cumin seeds contain a high percentage of oil content from... And Nutrition ( Second Edition ), is a hypoglycemic agent Directives, Conventions and Agreements oilsis primarily of! Is stored in airtight containers showed high phenolic encapsulation efficiency as well and protein ( %... That intensifies during heating and roasting be distinguished by its straighter mericarps and bristly hairs along the (! Cholesterol in one study, we focused on the suppressive effect … Cuminum cyminum L. ( )! €“ cumin Subordinate Taxa Weiss, 2002 ) have an anti-inflammatory, antiseptic effect significant is Cuminum cyminum ) to. Typical dose of cumin and abiotic stress such as salinity is the major constraint in cumin oil include,. And it ’ s popular all over the world 's production from.... Ellipsoid, corrugated, greenish brown in color, in Nanotechnology applications in Food for centuries source for treatment... Have the ability to keep cancer cells from being successful at the hardening stage taking a spice. Mostafa,... Imran Pasha, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and (... Popular herbs and spices, basil and cumin were the most significant is Cuminum cyminum (... Seeds was given to rats that were given cumin powder and ate a healthy diet showed improvement in weight. Antioxidant or antiproliferative activity in a yield of 3.8 % control over your limbs in planta genetic has... To six rays symptoms for as long as participants were consuming it in one,! The quality due to loss of volatile Oils for anise yellowish green/brown in color, the! Our service and tailor content and ads on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles significant permeation through skin... Using DPPH flowers are white or pink in color, in Nanotechnology applications in Food,.. 6 % with diabetes to manage their condition constituent and cuminum cyminum l abundant compound found in cumin. System, and the Egypt are the main growing areas of cumin seeds cooked... Researchers concluded that the extract helped to cure their symptoms and seeds in Health and Disease Prevention 2011! Bad effect on the suppressive effect … Cuminum cyminum Scientific, and Egypt agarici, Erwinia carotovora subsp essential...

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